Companion Planting

Planting a vegetable garden is rewarding both for the gardener and for the garden itself.

Growing your own fruits and vegetables means you have control over what you eat, from seed to seed or plant to plant. However, there are many factors to take into account when growing your own vegetable garden.

Some plants are beneficial companions to one another, while others can be enemies. By doing a little research beforehand, you can plan your garden for optimum results.

Cultivating your garden with biodynamic and organic methods is an eco-friendly choice that also helps promote biodiversity and will enhance the soil’s condition. This style of gardening is also known as ‘companion planting’ and is widely used in biodynamic and ecological vegetable gardens.

By planting various crops together, you can create a diverse array of plants for your garden. The secret to a good garden is knowing what plants attract which pests.

For example, the nasturtium attracts lice and is, therefore, a good plant to put next to beans that can be killed by lice. The nasturtium itself will not die from it, but it will ensure that lice prefer to nest on nasturtium instead of on the beans.

In order to provide your vegetable garden with useful animals and insects, it is important to grow clever combinations. 

‘Friends and Foes’ in the Vegetable Garden

Species Friends Foes
Potatoes Beans, Sprouts, Caraway, Dill, Horseradish, Kohlrabi, Mint, Spinach, Sweetcorn, Garlic, Cauliflower Tomato, Sunflower, Raspberry, Pumpkin, Onion, Nasturtium, Cucumber, Celery, Carrot, Peas
Strawberry Spinach, Radish, Parsley, Onion, Lettuce, Tomato, Leek, Thyme, Corn Salad, Garlic Cucumber, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cauliflower
Onion Beets, Corn Salad, Cucumber, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Pepper, Parsnip, Salsify, Savoury, Courgette Leek, Parsley, Peas, Potato, Tomato
Endive Fennel, Leek, Tomato Artichoke, Lettuce, Salsify, Tarragon
Asparagus Basil, Dill, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Parsley, Tomato. Potato
Artichoke Sweetcorn, Beans Parsley, Pea, Salsify, Tarragon
Aubergines/Egg Plant Beans, Catnip, Marjoram, Green Beans Okra, Potato, Tomato
Basil Asparagus, Celery, Pepper, Tomato Rue
Beets Dill, Onion
Cauliflower Beans, Celery, Chamomile, Dill, Oregano Pea, Potato, Strawberry, Tomato
Beans Egg Plant, Celery, Cucumber, Potato, Pumpkin, Rosemary, Sage, Savoury, Sweetcorn Chives, Garlic, Fennel, Leek, Shallot, Onion
Borage Roses, Tomatoes, Strawberries
Broccoli Celery, Chamomile, Dill, Rosemary, Sage, Nasturtium, Oregano, Strawberry, Tomato
Zucchini Onion, Corn, Lettuce Cucumber, Potato
Peas Beans, Beets, Cucumber, Dill, Fennel, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Pumpkin, Sage, Sweetcorn, Carrot, Celery, Spinach, Mint, Radish, Carrots Tomato, Potato, Onion, Leek, Garlic, Cauliflower, Shallot
Raspberry Garlic, Violets Potato
Garlic Beetroot, Cucumber, Lettuce, Melon, Strawberry, Raspberry, Carrot Chives, Leeks, Peas, Rhubarb, Spinach, Wheat
Cucumber Beans, Celery, Dill, Fennel, Garlic, Lettuce, Nasturtium, Onion, Peas, Sweetcorn Potato, Kohlrabi, Radish, Black Spanish Round Radish
Kohlrabi Celery, Corn Salad, Leek, Lettuce, Onion, Pea, Potato, Radish, Spinach Cucumber
Melon Radish, Sweetcorn Potato, Swiss Chard
New Zealand Spinach Fruit Trees None
Parsnip Onion Dill, Fennel, Parsley, Potato
Peppers Basil, Beetroot, Chives, Garlic, Leek, Onion, Tomato Chive, Fennel, Kohlrabi, Okra
Pumpkin Lettuce, Pea, Radish, Sunflower, Sweetcorn Sage, Potato
Leek Beets, Celery, Corn Salad, Endive, Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Pepper, Salsify, Strawberry, Tomato, Carrots Beans, Pea, Red Beetroot, Radish
Rhubarb Corn Salad, Lettuce, Spinach Melon, Black Walnut, Cucumber, Pumpkin
Radish Kohlrabi, Lettuce, Parsley, Pea, Pumpkin, Spinach, Strawberry, Sweetcorn, Tomato, Carrot, Cucumber Hyssop
Black Spanish Round Radish Beans, Beets, Celeriac, Chervil, Cucumber, Lettuce, Mint, Parsnip, Peas, Spinach, Squash, Tomatoes Cucumber
Turnip & Rutabaga Rosemary, Peas, Mint Garlic, Onion, Radish
Roses Borage, Chives, Feverfew, Violets  
Sage Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Fennel, Peas, Rosemary Pumpkin
Salsify Beetroot, Kohlrabi, Leek, Lettuce, Onion Artichoke, Endive
Celery Beans, Broccoli, Beetroot, Cauliflower, Cucumber, Kohlrabi, Leek, Spinach, Tomato Parsnip, Potato, Sweetcorn, Wheat, Parsley, Lettuce
Lettuce Beetroot, Cucumber, Kohlrabi, Leek, Onion, Pea, Pumpkin, Radish, Rhubarb, Salsify, Strawberry, Sweetcorn, Tomato, Carrot, Strawberry, Carrots Parsley, Parsnip, Celery
Spinach Celery, Fruit Trees, Kohlrabi, Potato, Rhubarb, Strawberry, Tomato Chard, Radish, Radish, Beetroot
Brussels Sprouts Potato, Hyssop, Thyme, Sage Tomato, Rosemary, Nasturtium, Strawberry
Sweetcorn Radish, Courgette, Sunflower, Tomato, Pumpkin, Cucumber, Peas, Melon, Lettuce, Artichoke, Beans, Egg Plant, Potato, Parsnip Red Beet, Celery
Tomatoes Pepper, Parsley, Radish, Black Spanish Round Radish, Basil, Celery, Mint, Endive, Garlic, Leek, Spinach, Sweetcorn, Chives, Asparagus, Lettuce Cauliflower, Dill, Potato, Fennel, Pea, Parsnip, Onion, Cucumber, Rosemary, Brussels Sprouts, Broccoli, Gherkin
Corn Salad Onion, Strawberry, Kohlrabi, Leek, Rhubarb None
Fennel Sage, Lettuce, Endive, Cucumber, Peas Tomatoes, Beans
Belgian Endive/Chicory Fennel, Lettuce, Carrot, Runner Beans, Beets, Tomato Fennel, Rue
Carrots Rosemary, Dill, Garlic, Cabbage, Chives, Chicory, Leek, Onion, Peas, Radish, Chard, Lettuce, Tomato Mint, Red Beetroot
Sunflower Cucumber, Pumpkin, Sweetcorn Potato
The beneficial flowers below will also be a beneficial addition to your vegetable garden, and they will provide colour and beauty too:
  • Calendula (marigold)
  • Tagetes (Africans)
  • Achillea (yarrow)
  • Borage (starflower)



In conclusion, we’ve compiled a list of a few items to think about when considering companion planting. With so many benefits to companion planting, many natural and eco-gardeners are adopting this gardening practice. Companion planting is a gardening practice in which you grow plants together that benefit each other. Companion planting reduces pests, enhances yields, and improves plant health and vitality. 

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